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PROTECTION AGAINST FIRE

 

In order to design a reliable fire protection solution, the fire risks in the building are identified, based on the existing fire burden (with the possible smoke and fire development) that can be expected on different floors and locations..

The evaluation of the inventory relates to following aspects:

  • electronic detection and alarm, based on the most recent norms
  • examination of possible increasing fire burden
  • constructive elements based on the type of building
  • type of manual extinguishing
  • type of automatic extinguishing
  • smoke and heat evacuation
  • escape routes, emergency staircases
  • emergency lighting
  • organisational aspects & conformity with the retained prevention policy
  • Preliminary design - Design

    • The preliminary design (risk analysis) as described in the new norm DTD/NBN S 21-100, is the first step in the design of a fire protection solution. This pre design starts with an extended visit of the buildings in order to determine the fire risks and the client’s requirements.
    • In order to design a justified/reliable fire protection solution, the fire risks in the building are identified, based on the existing fire burden (with the possible smoke, fire and heat development) that can be expected on different floors and locations.

    Based on this inventory, the possible fire risks will be mapped out.

    • Electronic and other technical means

      Which measures need to be taken on the various locations will be investigated, as well as the types of detection (heat and smoke development) that are most suitable in the area and if additional guidance is needed. This applies for the type of fire control system which needs to be installed. Components of the fire control system will be indication on the various blue prints

      Following elements are studied in detail:

      • norms and regulations;
      • system architecture;
      • fire control system;
      • guidances :
          • elevators;
          • domes;
          • HVAC;
          • Gas supply;
          • fire panel
          • ...
      • communication with:
          • Overall system;
          • Control room;
          • access control;


      • detectors;
      • signage;
      • emergency lighting;
      • Warning/Evacuation (use of audio evacuation system following norm EN 54);
      • control units;
      • installation requirements;
      • ….

      For critical locations, proposals will be formulated concerning:

      • automatic extinguishing systems and means;
      • automatische blussystemen- en middelen;
      • manuele blussystemen- en middelen;
      • airco / rookafzuigsystemen en –sturingen;
      • alarmerings- en waarschuwingsmiddelen;
      • de nodige koppelingen en automatische doorschakelingen naar de andere beveiligings- en technische installaties.

      These installations and technical elements are specified on the blue prints.

    • Manual extinguishing
  • SCOPE examines where, how many and which type of extinguishing shall be present in function of the fire burden.

    Depending on the type of risk and taking into account the evacuation routes, SCOPE will propose the appropriate devices en the right capacity of the manual extinguishing.

    • Automatic extinguishing

    Besides the provided manual extinguishing means SCOPE will examine if it is also necessary to provide automatic extinguishing for the inventoried risks. This in relation to the fire risk and the importance towards the BCP.

    Depending on the type of risk the appropriate devices will be proposed.

    • Organisational elements

    Besides the presence of the necessary and sufficient evacuation routes SCOPE will examine the procedures and communication means concerning:

    • dissemination of information;
    • alerts;
    • evacuation plans;
    • emergency exits, escape routes;
    • intervention in case of fire or other calamities.

    The research will be based on the current legal standards, specifically the standard for prevention of fire and evacuation new buildings(RD of 19.12.97); the General Regulation for the Protection at work and the law on the well-being of workers while on duty.
    Also the link with the security has to be examined in relation to the detection of available escape routes and the potential risk in case of (intentionally) false fire alarm.
    The recovery after an alarm or real incident in the whole of (fire) security is included in the study.

    • Establishing technical, functional and administrative specifications

    Based on the retained preliminary design, SCOPE will draw up the complete specifications.
    The installations that can, both technically as well as functionally, prove the suppositions, on which the concept and the preliminary design were based, are described.

     

    • Preparation of the tender document

    The overall technical and administrative document is complemented by SCOPE with the necessary implementation drawings, measurement statement, and bidding documents.
    SCOPE assists the invited bidders with all information necessary to prepare their bid.  SCOPE accompanies them for a site visit, when necessary.

     

    • Evaluation of the bids

    SCOPE assists the client in evaluating the received bids.
    SCOPE prepares a detailed report for the client with a comparison evaluation of the various bids, and based on this, submits a recommendation for the bid to be selected.

     

    • Project approach

    During the entire execution of the project, an intense cooperation between the client, SCOPE and the other partners in the project will be necessary. The necessary contacts between the operating services of the client and the local fire department will be established.

    The appropriate reporting of these contacts will be occur by logging the activities.

     

    • Follow up of the activities

        • via explicit demand of the client, SCOPE will follow up on the job activities that relate to all fire protection measures.  This includes both the physical as well as the electronic measures;
        • SCOPE will coordinate all job activities and will control all elements that relate to the fire protection measures;
        • SCOPE will check the progress logs that are submitted by the contractors who install the fire protection installation;
        • SCOPE will examine the submitted technical files;
        • on demand, SCOPE will be available for a weekly site meeting;
        • SCOPE will monitor the performance schedule.


    • Deliverances

    SCOPE checks the activation of the system and provides the client with detailed reports whether or not to proceed with the preliminary acceptance.
    If necessary, SCOPE will draft a list of possible additional tests that may be necessary to obtain the preliminary acceptance

 
SCOPE CVBA Weg naar Zwartberg 231 b6, B 3660 Opglabbeek - Tel. 032 (0)89 56 06 30 - e mail: info@scope.be

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